Reimplantation and revascularization


When part of a limb is amputated, or its blood vessels are interrupted, it is necessary to restore vascularization by reimplantation or revascularization, respectively.

In children, unlike adults, most amputated or devascularized segments are reimplanted because the odds of a successful outcome are higher.

In finger amputations, indications for reimplantation are when it affects the thumb, multiple fingers or a single finger distal to the distal interphalangeal joint (Fig. 12A-E, Fig 13A-B).

In more proximal amputations, hand or foot close to the root of the limb, depending on the conditions of the tissue, reimplantation is indicated. Reimplantation outcomes are better than the use of a prosthesis after amputation.

Fig. 12A
Figure 12A. Amputated segment of the index finger by a mechanism of avulsion / degloving
due to the use of a ring (ring finger) in 12-year-old girl.


Figure 12B. Status of the index finger after degloving.

Fig. 12C
Figure 12C. After reimplantation with microsurgical repair of blood vessels and nerves,
the reimplanted segment retrieves the pinkish color, thus meaning revascularization.
The deep flexor tendon could not be repaired due to the complexity of the injury.

Fig. 12D
Figure 12D. Several years after reimplantation.

Fig. 12E

Figure 12E. Several years after replantation. Although there is no distal interphalangeal
flexion, the proximal interphalangeal joint enables a completely normal function.

Fig. 13A
Figure 13A. 10 month child, with middle finger entrapment. A drop of the finger is observed
(digital cascade loss), suggesting a section of the flexor tendons. Furthermore, the finger
has lost its pinkish color, suggesting a section of the blood vessels. It requires a finger
revascularization and a tendon repair.

Fig. 13B
Figure 13B. Fingertip right away after revascularization. The connection of the
0.3mm vessels has restored the rosy color.

Dr. Francisco Soldado is a specialist in children's upper extremity problems and in the reconstruction with microsurgical techniques of the extremities of children.

In his efforts to perfect treatment strategies and techniques, he has collaborated with multiple reference centers around the world.



Vall d'Hebron Hospital Campus
Passeig de la Vall d'Hebron, 119-129
08035 Barcelona

Hospital de Nens
Carrer Consell de Cent, 437
08009 Barcelona

Unidad de Cirugía Artroscópica
C/ Beato Tomás de Zumárraga 10 Hospital Vithas San José, 4ª Planta
01008 Vitoria-Gasteiz

Centro Médico Teknon
Carrer de Vilana, 12
08022 Barcelona